Chandler v. Florida (1981) dealt with the First Amendment issue of press
access and ruled that states can allow broadcast coverage of criminal
El Vocero de Puerto Rico v. Puerto Rico (1993) said closed preliminary
trial hearings in Puerto Rico violated the First Amendment, as in the
The Supreme Court ruled in 1984 and 1986 that the public has a presumptive
right of access to pretrial criminal proceedings under the First Amendment.
In Richmond Newspapers, Inc. v. Virginia (1980), the Supreme Court ruled
that the First Amendment generally prohibits closing criminal trial
proceedings to the public.
Seattle Times v. Rhinehart (1984) said that an order prohibiting a
newspaper from publishing material it received during a lawsuit discovery
did not violate the First Amendment.