A New York state senator has introduced a bill – known as the “Social Media Hate Speech Accountability Act” – that would require providers of social media networks to actively police and respond to hate speech.
The proposed measure broadly defines hate speech as follows:
a public expression, either verbally, in writing or through images, which intentionally makes an insulting statement about a group of persons because of race, ethnicity, nationality, religion or beliefs, sexual orientation, gender identity or physical, mental or intellectual disability.
State AG could bring action against social media companies that don’t remove hate speech
The bill also provides that the “provider of a social media network shall maintain an effective and transparent procedure for handling complaints about hate speech content.” Such an effective and transparent procedure requires the providers to determine whether the expression complained about is hate speech and, if the material is deemed to be hate speech, remove it within 24 hours of receiving the complaint.
Perhaps most ominously for providers of social media networks, the bill empowers the state attorney general to bring an action and seek damages against providers who fail to comply and provide an effective procedure for handling online hate speech.
“We have a systemic problem in our society where people hide behind computers and attack people using hurtful and hate filled rhetoric,” Carlucci stated in a news release: “It is not okay anymore for social media platforms to say, ‘we cannot police every comment’ when sometimes comments incite violence or suicide. No one is saying freedom of speech must be limited, we are saying hateful speech must be taken seriously.”
The bill is currently in the New York Senate’s Consumer Protection Committee.
Read more about hate speech and the First Amendment
From the First Amendment Encyclopedia hate speech entry: The term “hate speech” is generally agreed to mean abusive language specifically attacking a person or persons because of their race, color, religion, ethnic group, gender, or sexual orientation. Although the First Amendment still protects much hate speech, there has been substantial debate on the subject in the past two decades among lawmakers, jurists, and legal scholars. Read more about First Amendment court cases involving hate speech.
David L. Hudson, Jr. is a First Amendment Fellow at the Freedom Forum Institute and a law professor at Belmont who publishes widely on First Amendment topics. He is the author of a 12-lecture audio course on the First Amendment entitled Freedom of Speech: Understanding the First Amendment (Now You Know Media, 2018). He also is the author of many First Amendment books, including The First Amendment: Freedom of Speech (Thomson Reuters, 2012) and Freedom of Speech: Documents Decoded (ABC-CLIO, 2017).