Barber v. Time (Mo. 1942) ruled that press freedom and individual privacy
are not absolute rights and must be balanced. Courts must consider the
“proper public interest.”
Cantrell v. Forest City Publishing Co. (1974) ruled against a newspaper for
an article casting the plaintiff in false light, showing the limits of
First Amendment press freedom.
DOJ v. Reporters Comm. for Free Press (1989) reiterated that the First
Amendment does not give the press special access to information not
available to the general public.
Department of Air Force v. Rose (1976) looked at privacy rights in
interpreting the FOIA to require disclosure of summaries of ethics hearings
at the Air Force Academy.
The Supreme Court in 1959 and 1960 upheld the contempt conviction that led
to the jailing of Methodist pacifist minister Dr. Willard Uphaus for
refusing to reveal the speakers at a camp conference. In Uphaus v. Wyman,
the Court upheld New Hampshire’s contempt citation against challenges of
infringement on First Amendment freedoms of association and a right to