Government Speech Doctrine Archives
In Johanns v. Livestock Marketing Association (2005), the Court, using the
government speech doctrine, rejected a First Amendment challenge to a
compelled advertising program.
Legal Services Corp. v Velazquez (2001) said a prohibition on using federal
funds designated for indigent legal services to challenge welfare law
violated the First Amendment.
Pleasant Grove v. Summum (2009) determined a city could refuse to place a
monument in a public park because it was a form of government speech immune
from First Amendment review.
In a First Amendment case, Rust v. Sullivan (1991) upheld regulations
prohibiting doctors receiving federal funding from providing information on
The Supreme Court ruled in 2022 in Shurtleff v. Boston determined that, in
this instance, flying a Christian flag on a city flagpole at the request of
a resident was a private expression, not government speech.